Black-necked cranes :
• Recently, Ladakh adopted snow leopard(Panther Unica) as a State animal and black-necked crane(Grus Nigricollis) as a State bird.
• It was the state bird of Jammu and Kashmir before August 5, 2019.
• The black-necked crane (Grus nigricollis), also known as Tibetan crane.
• Black-necked cranes are considered loyal couples, are only found in Ladakh’s Changthang region.
• It is categorized as “Near Threatened” in IUCN Red List.
• It is listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES), which makes trading of animal parts (fur, bones, etc..) illegal in signatory countries.
• It comes under Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
• The high altitude wetlands of the Tibetan plateau, Sichuan (China), and eastern Ladakh (India) are the main breeding ground of the species; the birds spend winter at lower altitudes.
• A small wintering population is also found in the Sangti and Zimithang valleys of Arunachal Pradesh in India.
• In Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh, it only comes during the winters.
• Damage to the eggs and chicks, caused by feral dogs.
• Loss of habitat due to human pressure (Development Projects) on the wetlands.
• Increased grazing pressure on the limited pastures near the wetlands are the threats faced by Black-necked cranes.
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