Indian Army personnel to take part in Exercise ZAPAD 2021 in Russia


Indian Army personnel to take part in Exercise ZAPAD 2021 in Russia :

• A contingent of 200 Army personnel will participate in the multinational military Exercise ZAPAD 2021 being held at Nizhniy, Russia.

• It is a multinational military exercise. 17 countries were invited for the exercise, there are 9 participating countries and 8 Observers including China and Pakistan.

• The exercise aims to enhance military and strategic ties amongst the participating nations while they plan and execute this exercise.

ZAPAD 2021 is a 13-day exercise and will end on 16 September. It is mainly aimed at boosting anti-terror cooperation.

• ZAPAD 2021 is one of the theatre-level exercises of Russian armed forces and will focus primarily on operations against terrorists.

• The 9 Participating countries are Mongolia, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Serbia, Russia, India, and Belarus. 

• The 8 Observer countries are Pakistan, China, Vietnam, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Uzbekistan, and Sri Lanka.


KAZIN-21 :

KAZIND-21 is a joint military Exercise between Kazakhstan and India.

• It is the fifth edition of the annual bilateral exercise by both armies. 

• The fourth edition of the exercise was held at Pithoragarh in September 2019.

• The scope of the exercise includes professional exchange, planning and execution of operations in a counter-terrorism environment, and sharing of expertise.

• The exercise will strengthen mutual confidence, interoperability and enable sharing of best practices between the Armed Forces of India and Kazakhstan.

• The joint exercise also reflects the strong resolve of both nations to counter-terrorism and will to stand shoulder to shoulder to combat the same.


About Kazakhstan :

• Kazakhstan shares borders with 5 countries. They are Russia, China, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan. 

• Nur-Sultan is the capital city of Kazakhstan.

• India was one of the first countries to recognize the independence of Kazakhstan. Diplomatic relations were established in February 1992.

• India and Kazakhstan have been strategic partners since 2009.

• Kazakhstan is the most resource-rich country in Central Asia and is also India’s largest trade and investment partner.

• India and Kazakhstan actively cooperate under the aegis of various multilateral fora including Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Shanghai Cooperation Operation (SCO), and the United Nations (UN) organizations.

• There are three factors that make Kazakhstan important for India. First, its geostrategic location; Second, its economic potential, especially in terms of energy resources; and Third, its multi-ethnic and secular structure.

Zapad 2021

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